SELECTION OF ARTICLES THIRD WORLD QUARTERLY SPECIAL ISSUE: DEVELOPMENTAL AND CULTURAL NATIONALISM Nationalism and Poverty: discourses of development and culture in 20th century India Sumit Sarkar

Radhika Desai, Martin Bunton
2008 unpublished
Forging a national essence is the business of nationalists. That of nationalism's historians and theorists is to identify the historical and social parameters within which such forging (and, usually, considerable amounts of forgery) became at once possible and necessary. How did nations-new types of political communities founding a qualitatively new world order, an 'international' order-come to be? And how did they, and the international order, develop together, each shaping and being shaped by
more » ... the other? If the corpus of the historiography and theory of nations and nationalisms which was the result of attempts to answer questions thrown up by their emergence and development was distinctly non-cumulative, full of reversals and dead-ends, this was thanks to a still deeper, structural, problem: the political (and geopolitical) processes which created nations, nationalism and the international order was inextricable from the contemporaneous development of capitalism and civil society. How well one set of phenomena was understood depended not only on how well the other was, but also on whether their relative importance and mutual relationship was correctly judged. This happened rarely. Instead a division of scholarly labour-between a study of nations and nationalisms largely focused on culture and a political economy of national (and international) capitalist development-emerged. This special issue is an attempt to discover the analytical possibilities that lie in cancelling this division of labour. Minimally it shows, from a variety of disciplinary and political perspectives, how little sense it makes.