白山火山周辺の三次元地震波速度構造
Three-Dimensional Seismic Wave Velocity Structure around the Hakusan volcano

Naoki TAKAHASHI, Hiroaki NEGISHI, Yoshihiro HIRAMATSU
2004 Bulletin of the Volcanological Society of Japan  
We determine the three-dimensional P-and S-waves velocity structures around the Hakusan volcano in the Ryohaku mountains area, where there are some Quaternary volcanoes, using the travel-time tomography method. We use +*.,10. P-and 31"-, S-waves arrival time data observed at /,+ seismic stations from -,3-* earthquakes in and around this region. The initial model, hypocenters and one-dimensional velocity structure, for the three-dimensional inversion are simultaneously determined by the Joint
more » ... ocenter Determination method. Since dumping parameters and iteration number a#ect the absolute value of velocity perturbation, we determine these values quantitatively by applying "Cross Validation Technique". A checkerboard resolution test is applied to the dataset to examine the resolution scale of this dataset. We find a velocity anomaly zone with low-VP, low-VS and high-VP/VS beneath the Hakusan volcano at the depth of +* to +. km, while there is no such a region beneath other volcanoes in the Ryohaku mountains area. Seismicity is shallower beneath the Hakusan volcano than beneath the surrounding areas and no earthquake occurs within the velocity anomaly zone beneath the Hakusan volcano. These features support that the velocity anomaly is a partially melting rock matrix with high temperature. The Hakusan volcano is one and only active volcano in recent *., Ma in the Ryohaku mountain area. This geological feature is consistent with our tomographic result. The existence of magma body, which can be shown as low-velocity body, may indicate that Mt. Hakusan is still noteworthy active volcano.
doi:10.18940/kazan.49.6_355 fatcat:7zfy5emxonac7ixbk345sbd6ki