N-Terminus of the Photosystem II Manganese Stabilizing Protein: Effects of Sequence Elongation and Truncation†
The importance of the N-terminal domain of manganese stabilizing protein in binding to photosystem II has been previously demonstrated [Eaton-Rye and Murata (1989) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 977, 219-226; Odom and Bricker (1992) Biochemistry 31, 5616-5620]. In this paper, we report results from a systematic study of functional and structural consequences of N-terminal elongation and truncation of manganese stabilizing protein. Precursor manganese stabilizing protein is the unprocessed wild-type
... ein, which carries an N-terminal extension of 84 amino acids in the form of its chloroplastic signal peptide. Despite its increased size, this protein is able to reconstitute O 2 evolution activity to levels observed with the mature, processed protein, but it also binds nonspecifically to PSII. Truncation of wild-type manganese stabilizing protein by site-directed mutagenesis to remove three N-terminal amino acids, resulting in a mutant called ∆G3M, causes no loss of activity reconstitution, but this protein also exhibits nonspecific binding. Further truncation of the wild-type protein by ten N-terminal amino acids, producing ∆E10M, limits binding of manganese stabilizing protein to 1 mol/mol of photosystem II and decreases activity reconstitution to about 65% of that obtained with the wild-type protein. Because two copies of wild type normally bind to photosystem II, amino acids in the domain 4 K-10 E must be involved in the binding of one copy of manganese stabilizing protein to photosystem II. Spectroscopic analysis (CD and UV spectra) reveals that N-terminal elongation and deletion of manganese stabilizing protein influence its overall conformation, even though secondary structure content is not perturbed. Our data suggest that the solution structure of manganese stabilizing protein attains a more compact solution structure upon removal of N-terminal amino acids.