A New Magnesium Phosphate Cement Based on Renewable Oyster Shell Powder: Flexural Properties at Different Curing Times

Hui Wu, Zhujian Xie, Liwen Zhang, Zhiwei Lin, Shimin Wang, Wenle Tang
2021 Materials  
Magnesium phosphate cement (MPC), a new type of inorganic cementitious material, is favored in engineering and construction because of its fast setting speed and high bonding strength, but is limited in practical application due to its high production cost and excessive release of hydration heat. Relevant research has investigated the application of discarded oyster shell powder (OSP) replacing cement mortar and has reported certain improvements to its performance. Consequently, focusing on
more » ... overing more effects of OSP on MPC performance, this study, by using a typical three-point bending test, used 45 cuboid specimens to investigate the influences of OSP mass content on flexural properties of MPC at different curing times. Results illustrated that MPC flexural strength was first increased and then decreased, and 3% is the critical value for OSP mass content. Similarly, the stiffness of all specimens presented a tendency to increase first and then decrease, with a maximum value of 36.18 kN/mm appearing at 3%, i.e., the critical OSP mass content. Finally, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were employed to analyze the microstructure and composition of specimens, confirming that the specimens generated not only the hydration product potassium phosphate magnesium (MgKPO4·6H2O, MKP), but also another new reactant (CaHPO4·2H2O).
doi:10.3390/ma14185433 pmid:34576657 fatcat:5j6mtiixt5ayfbjcmqhxpowgsi