Cardiac Nmnat/NAD+/SIR2 pathways activation mediates endurance exercise resistance to heart defects induced by a high-fat diet in aging Drosophila [article]

Dengtai Wen, Lan Zheng, Kai Lu, Wenqi Hou
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Endurance exercise is an important way to resist and treat a high-fat-diet(HFD)-induced heart defects, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we used Drosophila to identify whether cardiac Nmnat/NAD+/SIR2 pathways activation could mediate endurance exercise resistance to heart defects. The results showed that endurance exercise activated the cardiac Nmnat/NAD+/SIR2/FOXO pathway and Nmnat/NAD+/SIR2/PGC-1α pathway, including up-regulating cardiac Nmnat, SIR2, FOXO,
more » ... C-1α expression, SOD activity, and NAD+ level, and it prevented HFD-induced or cardiac Nmnat knock-down-induced cardiac lipid accumulation, MDA content and fibrillation increase, and fractional shortening decrease. Cardiac Nmnat overexpression activated heart Nmnat/NAD+/SIR2 pathways and resisted HFD-induced cardiac malfunction, but it could not protect against HFD-induced lifespan reduction and locomotor impairment. Exercise improved lifespan and mobility in cardiac Nmnat knock-down flies. Therefore, current results confirmed that cardiac Nmnat/NAD+/SIR2 pathways were important antagonists of HFD-induced heart defects. The cardiac Nmnat/NAD+/SIR2 pathways activation was the important underlying molecular mechanism of endurance exercise and cardiac Nmnat overexpression against heart defects in Drosophila.
doi:10.1101/2021.02.10.430616 fatcat:nvz4x4yv55duzcokblgrrqi2yi