Scaling Limits of Graphene Nanoelectrodes [component]

Graphene is an ideal material for fabricating atomically thin nanometre-spaced electrodes. Recently, carbon-based nanoelectrodes have been employed to create single-molecule transistors and phase change memory devices. In spite of the significant recent interest in their use in a range of nanoscale devices from phase change memories to molecular electronics, the operating and scaling limits of these electrodes are completely unknown. In this paper, we report on our observations of consistent
more » ... ns of consistent voltage driven resistance switching in sub-5 nm graphene nanogaps. We find that we are able to reversibly cycle between a low and a high resistance state using feedback-controlled voltage ramps. We attribute this unexplained switching in the gap to the formation and breakdown of carbon filaments. By increasing the gap, we find that such intrinsic resistance switching of graphene nanogaps imposes a scaling limit of ~10 nm on the gap-size for devices with operating voltages of 1-2 volts.
doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00909.s001 fatcat:jlzzvd42qfbcnolxzxbadu5efe