Lean design improves both health-care facilities and processes: a literature review

Jori Reijula, Nina Nevala, Marjaana Lahtinen, Virpi Ruohomäki, Kari Reijula
2014 Intelligent Buildings International  
This article presents a literature review of the possibilities and challenges of Lean design in modern healthcare facilities. Many of today's healthcare facilities are in dire need of renovation since limited financial resources among healthcare demand improved work process efficiency, safety and employee well-being. Lean philosophy has been successfully implemented into hospitals with up-and-running hospital processes, but has not been thoroughly tested as a design methodology. The principles
more » ... f Lean do not contradict with user-centric, participatory or ergonomic design approaches, and thus the possibilities of using Lean as a complementary design methodology to the aforementioned approaches are discussed in this paper. Lean fundamentals are also useful when dealing with change management issues. Furthermore, the idea of using simulations alongside Lean to enhance healthcare design is briefly discussed. Lean offers a fundamentally solid ideology and a wide range of tools -many of which seem fitting to solve several urgent design problems in today's healthcare design.
doi:10.1080/17508975.2014.901904 fatcat:b6rbaztnejdyditjvxylfyuqea