Protective Effect of Polydeoxyribonucleotide Against CCl4-Induced Acute Liver Injury in Mice

Seunghwan Lee, Kyu Yeoun Won, Sunhyung Joo
2020 International Neurourology Journal  
Purpose: Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) is a substance known to suppress inflammation and accelerate wound healing. In this experiment, the effect of PDRN treatment on carbon tetrachloride (CCl<sub>4</sub>)-evoked acute liver injury (ALI) was investigated using mice.Methods: We analyzed the levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and conducted hematoxylin and eosin staining in accompany with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end
more » ... labeling staining. Western blot analysis was also conducted to assess the expressions of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, adenosine A<sub>2A</sub> receptor, Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2). The mice were received intraperitoneal injection of 10-mL/kg CCl<sub>4</sub>, 4 times, once every 2 days. The mice in the PDRN treatment groups received intraperitoneal injection of 200-μL distilled water comprising each concentration of PDRN for 7 days starting 1 day after first CCl<sub>4</sub> injection.Results: ALT and AST concentrations in the serum were reduced and TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 expressions were decreased by PDRN injection in CCl<sub>4</sub>-evoked ALI mice. PDRN injection suppressed Bax versus Bcl-2 ratio and reduced the percentage of TUNE-positive cells in CCl<sub>4</sub>-evoked ALI mice. PDRN injection overexpressed adenosine A<sub>2A</sub> receptor in CCl<sub>4</sub>-evoked ALI mice.Conclusions: The therapeutic efficacy of PDRN also can be expected for CCl<sub>4</sub>-evoked acute urogenital injury in addition to ALI. The current research suggests that PDRN may be used for the therapeutic agent of CCl<sub>4</sub>-evoked ALI.
doi:10.5213/inj.2040430.215 pmid:33271005 fatcat:dquvnls63be6dd2avnn43j7ueq