Urinary Incontinence in Women Living in Rural Areas and Reflections on Quality of Life

Zerrin GAMSIZKAN, Mehmet Ali SUNGUR, Aşkı ELLİBEŞ KAYA, Yasemin ÇAYIR
2021 MIDDLE BLACK SEA JOURNAL OF HEALTH SCIENCE  
Objective: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a health problem affecting women's quality of life. Since it is not a life-threatening disease, women with urinary incontinence usually do not seek treatment in this regard. This causes them not to benefit from treatment opportunities that will improve their lives. The study aims to investigate the UI status in women living in rural areas and to determine its reflection on the quality of life. Methods: A total of 589 patients were included in the study.
more » ... e data was collected with a questionnaire including socio-demographic characteristics questions along with the Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) scale and the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7). Results: 157 (26.7%) patients who participated in our study suffered from UI. 70 (44.6%) of these patients suffered from stress incontinence (SUI), 40 (25.5%) were urge incontinence (UUI) and 47 (29.9%) were mixed incontinence (MUI). BMI, constipation, and menopause were found to be aggravating factors for incontinence (p<0,001). According to the UDI-6 scale; MUI significantly impacts a woman's life quality followed by urge or stress incontinence (p<0,001). Stress incontinence decreases life quality more than urge incontinence (p<0,001) based on the IIQ-7 scale. Conclusion: Despite the high frequency of female urinary incontinence, many patients cannot easily express this distress. Family physicians to whom the patient applies most frequently should question their patients about UI and direct their patients to appropriate treatment.
doi:10.19127/mbsjohs.836518 fatcat:mwddlpizgvfdpj2ce6tpd6iw3i