Platelet Lysate Induces in Human Osteoblasts Resumption of Cell Proliferation and Activation of Pathways Relevant for Revascularization and Regeneration of Damaged Bone
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
To understand the regenerative effect of platelet-released molecules in bone repair one should investigate the cascade of events involving the resident osteoblast population during the reconstructive process. Here the in vitro response of human osteoblasts to a platelet lysate (PL) stimulus is reported. Quiescent or very slow dividing osteoblasts showed a burst of proliferation after PL stimulation and returned to a none or very slow dividing condition when the PL was removed. PL stimulated
... . PL stimulated osteoblasts maintained a differentiation capability in vitro and in vivo when tested in absence of PL. Since angiogenesis plays a crucial role in the bone healing process, we investigated in PL stimulated osteoblasts the activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathways, involved in both angiogenesis and bone regeneration. We observed phosphorylation of STAT3 and a strong induction, nuclear translocation and DNA binding of HIF-1α. In agreement with the induction of HIF-1α an enhanced secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) occurred. The double effect of the PL on quiescent osteoblasts, i.e., resumption of proliferation and activation of pathways promoting both angiogenesis and bone formation, provides a rationale to the application of PL as therapeutic agent in post-traumatic bone repair.