Quantum dot strain engineering of InAs∕InGaAs nanostructures
Journal of Applied Physics
We present a complete study both by experiments and by model calculations of quantum dot strain engineering, by which a few optical properties of quantum dot nanostructures can be tailored using the strain of quantum dots as a parameter. This approach can be used to redshift beyond 1.31 m and, possibly, towards 1.55 m the room-temperature light emission of InAs quantum dots embedded in InGaAs confining layers grown on GaAs substrates. We show that by controlling simultaneously the lower
... g layer thickness and the confining layers' composition, the energy gap of the quantum dot material and the band discontinuities in the quantum dot nanostructure can be predetermined and then the light emission can be tuned in the spectral region of interest. The availability of two degrees of freedom allows for the control of two parameters, which are the emission energy and the emission efficiency at room temperature. The InAs/ InGaAs structures were grown by the combined use of molecular beam epitaxy and atomic layer molecular beam epitaxy; their properties were studied by photoluminescence and photoreflectance spectroscopies and by atomic force microscopy; in particular, by means of photoreflectance not only the spectral features related to quantum dots were studied but also those of confining and wetting layers. The proposed approach has been used to redshift the room-temperature light emission wavelength up to 1.44 m. The optical results were analyzed by a simple effective-mass model that also offers a rationale for engineering the properties of structures for efficient long-wavelength operation.