Karakteristik Sosial Ekonomi Petani Pembudidaya Ikan Air Tawar Di Sleman Yogyakarta

Edy Suwasono, Ratna Mulyaningtyas
2019 Habitat  
ABSTRAK Sektor perikanan terutama perikanan air tawar di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta cenderung terus meningkat, dan bahkan mampu menyumbang 96% dari total produksi perikanan. Karakteristik sosial ekonomi petani dan peran kelembagaan merupakan indikator-indikator penting untuk mengetahui kinerja usahatani tambak ikan air tawar. Tujuan penelitian untuk mendiskripsikan karakteristik sosial ekonomi petani budidaya air tawar. Penentuan lokasi dan sampel dilakukan secara purposive di Desa Sidomoyo,
more » ... i Desa Sidomoyo, Kecamatan Godean, Kabupaten Sleman (DIY). Jumlah sampel adalah sebanyak 30 orang. Metode penelitian adalah survei Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, 83,33% petani berada pada usia produktif dari jumlah 30 orang; 80% pendidikan formal petani hanya mencapai SD-SLTP; 86,67% rata-rata jumlah tanggungan yaitu 3 orang/keluarga; 90% petani rata-rata berpengalaman 5 tahun -10 tahun; rata-rata produksi ikan mencapai 2.600 kg per periode usaha; sistem penjualan dengan cara berlangganan, dengan harga jual rata-rata Rp 17.000/kg dan merupakan harga yang berlaku di pasar. Karakteristik sosial ekonomi petani sangat berpengaruh terhadap kinerja usahatani pembudidaya ikan air tawar. ABSTRACT The fisheries sector, especially freshwater fisheries in the Special Region of Yogyakarta tends to continue to increase, and even able to contribute 96% of total fisheries production. Socio-economic characteristics of farmers and the role of institutions are important indicators to determine the performance of freshwater fish pond farming. The purpose of the study was to describe the socioeconomic characteristics of freshwater aquaculture farmers. Determination of location and sample is done purposively in Sidomoyo Village, Godean District, Sleman Regency (DIY). The number of samples are 30 peoples and the method was a survey. The results showed that 83.33% of farmers were of productive age; 80% of farmers' formal education only reaches SD-SLTP; 86.67% the average number of dependents is 3 people / family; 90% of farmers have an averages of 5 years -10 years experience; average fish production reaches 2,600 kg per business period; sales system by way of a subscription, with an average selling price of Rp. 17,000 / kg. The socio-economic characteristics of farmers greatly affect the performance of freshwater fish farming.
doi:10.21776/ub.habitat.2019.030.3.13 fatcat:t4alyg3g2fdbjb4m3gtuscnini