Genetic diversity and identification of human infection by amplification of the chlamydial 60-kilodalton cysteine-rich outer membrane protein gene

M W Watson, P R Lambden, I N Clarke
1991 Journal of Clinical Microbiology  
The 60-kDa cysteine-rich outer membrane protein genes of Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Chlamydia trachomatis have very different 5' ends, but two areas flanking this variable region show absolute sequence conservation. This observation permitted differentiation of the three species of Chlamydia by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), forming the basis of a diagnostic test for chlamydial infections. The PCR product containing the variable region of the respective 60-kDa CrP genes
more » ... was also subjected to restriction endonuclease digestion, enabling differentiation of individual type strains of C. psittaci. Differentiation was possible between lymphogranuloma venereum and trachoma isolates of C. trachomatis. The PCR-based diagnostic test was successful with all strains of chlamydiae studied. The PCR primers showed high specificity and did not produce any product with common bacterial pathogens that may share the same sites of infection.
doi:10.1128/jcm.29.6.1188-1193.1991 fatcat:m2zxtznt65cdpftrtnp43pjygq