Impact of Parental Acceptance-Rejection on Anxiety among Metropolitan Adolescents
Indian Journal of Mental Health(IJMH)
and Objectives: The present study was planned and executed with the aim to investigate the effect of parental acceptance-rejection (both mother and father) as perceived by adolescents on their anxiety level. The sample comprised of 300 students studying in ninth and tenth standard in private schools in Delhi. Methods: In order to study parental acceptance-rejection, Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (PARQ) which consists of four dimensions (coldness, aggression, neglect and rejection)
... developed by Rohner was used separately for mother and father and for measuring anxiety, Mental Healthy Inventory (MHI-38) by Davies, Sherbourne, Peterson and Ware (1998) was administered. Correlation analysis and step wise regression analysis were carried out in order to study the effect of parental acceptance-rejection (both mother and father) on anxiety among adolescents. Results: The results revealed that: as adolescent's perception of maternal and paternal coldness, aggression, neglect and rejection increases, adolescents become more anxious in nature and that mother's aggression emerged as significant predictor variables for anxiety among adolescents. Conclusion: Parental warmth and nurturance acts as a buffer against the anxiety level of these adolescents. It may thus also be concluded that adolescents in metropolitan cities who do not perceive their parents as caring, affectionate or nurturing will experience higher level of anxiety.