Semi-Supervised Classification for Intra-Pulse Modulation of Radar Emitter Signals Using Convolutional Neural Network

Shibo Yuan, Peng Li, Bin Wu, Xiao Li, Jie Wang
2022 Remote Sensing  
Intra-pulse modulation classification of radar emitter signals is beneficial in analyzing radar systems. Recently, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have been used in classification of intra-pulse modulation of radar emitter signals, and the results proved better than the traditional methods. However, there is a key disadvantage in these CNN-based methods: the CNN requires enough labeled samples. Labeling the modulations of radar emitter signal samples requires a tremendous amount of prior
more » ... owledge and human resources. In many circumstances, the labeled samples are quite limited compared with the unlabeled samples, which means that the classification will be semi-supervised. In this paper, we propose a method which could adapt the CNN-based intra-pulse classification approach to the case where a very limited number of labeled samples and a large number of unlabeled samples are provided, to classify the intra-pulse modulations of radar emitter signals. The method is based on a one-dimensional CNN and uses pseudo labels and self-paced data augmentation, which could improve the accuracy of intra-pulse classification. Extensive experiments show that our proposed method can improve the intra-pulse modulation classification performance in the semi-supervised situations.
doi:10.3390/rs14092059 fatcat:lzfesbpkvradjjrl6sxmngpali