Separating habit and recollection: Memory slips, process dissociations, and probability matching

Janine F. Hay, Larry L. Jacoby
1996 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
Memory slips are errors in performance that result when an automatic basis for responding (e.g., habit) opposes the intention to perform a specific behavior. Prior research has focused on factors that influence the probability of a memory slip while neglecting factors that facilitate performance. Using L. L. Jacoby's (1991) process-dissociation procedure to examine performance in both a memory-slip and a facilitation condition, the authors separated the contribution of habit and recollection
more » ... tentional memory) in a cued-recall task. The authors found that manipulating the strength of habit affected its contribution to performance in a manner that produced probability matching, but recollection was unchanged. In contrast, manipulations of presentation rate and response time influenced recollection but did not affect habit. Such dissociations support a model of memory in which automatic and intentional influences make independent contributions to performance. L8S 4K1. Electronic mail may be sent via Internet to
doi:10.1037//0278-7393.22.6.1323 pmid:8921600 fatcat:iotnxnkiebdk5pqviopxxz7rga