Critical Role of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor on Anoikis and Invasion of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

T. Masuda
2005 Clinical Cancer Research  
Purpose: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor g (PPARg) plays a important role in various physiological functions.We examined whether PPARg is expressed in primary squamous cell carcinoma and lymph node metastasis and whether PPARg is a potential target for tumor therapy. Experimental Design and Results: A high-level expression of PPARg was observed in tumor cells of human primary squamous cell carcinoma, lymph node metastasis, and squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Treatment with
more » ... pecific antagonists, but not agonists, caused apoptotic cell death on squamous cell carcinoma cell lines in a concentration-dependent manner. Small interfering RNA for PPARg also inhibited cell adhesion and growth of squamous cell carcinomas. The phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) was decreased by treatment with PPARg antagonists, and resulted in decreases in phosphorylation of Erk and mitogen-activated protein kinase. Furthermore, PPARg antagonists decreased the adhesion of squamous cell carcinomas into fibronectin-coated plates, indicating the inhibition of interaction between squamous cell carcinomas and fibronectin. Expression of integrin a5, a counter adhesion molecule for fibronectin, was inhibited by the treatment with PPARg antagonists.These results indicate that the decrease in integrin a5 and following inhibition of cell adhesion may cause the inhibition of FAK signaling pathways. PPARg antagonists also strongly inhibited invasion of squamous cell carcinoma via down-regulation of CD151expression. Conclusions: The cell death caused by the PPARg antagonists was a result of direct interference with cell adhesion "anoikis" involving intracellular FAK signaling pathways. These results imply a potentially important and novel role for the inhibition of PPARg function via the use of specific antagonists in the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma and the prevention of tumor invasion and metastasis.
doi:10.1158/1078-0432.ccr-05-0087 pmid:15930335 fatcat:ec7yd2gm5bfrpcd5r4tkopohgi