The Implementation of Voluntary Land Donation (LDV) and Community-Driven Development (CDD) Program:Lesson from ICWRMIP Project in Indonesia
Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Social and Political Development (ICOSOP 2016)
The ICWRMIP is an ADB funded project carried out by the Government of Indonesia represented by Ministry of Health. The projectincludes support for Community and NGO-Driven Initiatives for Improved Water Supply and Sanitation which requires the implementation of voluntary land donation (VLD) referring to a process of giving up individual or community rights on land for public usage voluntarily. This study deals withthe extent to which procedures and principles of VLDareimplemented at community
... vel andthe extent to which the land utilization for community infrastructures could sustained beyond project closure. Quantitative approach is used as a basic design in conducting community profiling. However, qualitative approach is used to finalizepost-project evaluation. Thirty-two (32) from fifty-four (54) initiated projects were selected as sample using two-stage random sampling. Field survey, documentary study, depth interview and observationon physical projectwere combined as data collection techniques.The study concludes, that the procedures and principles of VLD agreedby both ADB and GOI are well implemented in terms of information clarity, public participation and consultation, as well as gender equality treatment. It is unexpectedly found that most of the donated land are belong to vulnerable group as measured by their education, occupation, income and expenditures. The study also confirmed that VLD used for community infra-structures, is doubtfully sustained beyond project closure due to five identified factors:unclear legal document of land ownership, conflicting status of the donated land, discontinuity of long term benefit ofthe projects, and incompleteinstitutionalization processes.