Preliminary Analyses of Expression of Learning and Memory Related Genes in Honey Bees (Apis mellifera) in Free-Choice Learning Paradigms

Timothy E. Black, Medhat Radi, Amanda Somers, Charles I. Abramson
2021 Natural Science  
Honey bees are an established animal model for studying learning and memory related behaviors. In recent years, honey bees have become more common as a model for investigations of molecular biology, including gene expression. Honey bees have been used to extrapolate genetic functions found in other invertebrates, such as Drosophila melanogaster. The honey bee model has also provided a means for isolating novel genes, including non-coding microRNA fragments. Integrating the study of learning and
more » ... memory with molecular genetics, the present work examines the effect of learning acquisition and memory consolidation in free-choice paradigms on the expression of a suite of genes of interest. Results suggest that short-term learning acquisition causes differential expression of microRNA fragments, while memory consolidation differentially affects the expression of the serine/threonine protein kinase gene in honey bees. These results corroborate previous findings suggesting the importance of protein kinases in the formation of long term memory, and suggest that mi-croRNA may play a large role in regulation of cytoskeletal scaffolding proteins.
doi:10.4236/ns.2021.136016 fatcat:ec3wzl7es5hqddiskygi5u23p4