From Fetal to Neonatal Neuroimaging in TORCH Infections: A Pictorial Review

Giulia Lucignani, Alessia Guarnera, Maria Camilla Rossi-Espagnet, Giulia Moltoni, Amanda Antonelli, Lorenzo Figà Talamanca, Chiara Carducci, Francesca Ippolita Calo Carducci, Antonio Napolitano, Carlo Gandolfo, Francesca Campi, Cinzia Auriti (+2 others)
2022 Children  
Congenital infections represent a challenging and varied clinical scenario in which the brain is frequently involved. Therefore, fetal and neonatal neuro-imaging plays a pivotal role in reaching an accurate diagnosis and in predicting the clinical outcome. Congenital brain infections are characterized by various clinical manifestations, ranging from nearly asymptomatic diseases to syndromic disorders, often associated with severe neurological symptoms. Brain damage results from the complex
more » ... action among the infectious agent, its specific cellular tropism, and the stage of development of the central nervous system at the time of the maternal infection. Therefore, neuroradiological findings vary widely and are the result of complex events. An early detection is essential to establishing a proper diagnosis and prognosis, and to guarantee an optimal and prompt therapeutic perinatal management. Recently, emerging infective agents (i.e., Zika virus and SARS-CoV2) have been related to possible pre- and perinatal brain damage, thus expanding the spectrum of congenital brain infections. The purpose of this pictorial review is to provide an overview of the current knowledge on fetal and neonatal brain neuroimaging patterns in congenital brain infections used in clinical practice.
doi:10.3390/children9081210 pmid:36010101 pmcid:PMC9406729 fatcat:y2pjwkharzgy3km5dmbsc3s6am