Assessment of groundwater quality in a semiarid region of Northwestern Algeria using water quality index (WQI)

Abdelkader Hamlat, Azeddine Guidoum
2018 Applied Water Science  
The present paper aims at determining the status and trends of groundwater quality of 12 aquifers situated in Northwestern Algeria, especially under conditions of last drought that has affected the region using water quality index (WQI) over a period of 4 years. Multivariate statistical methods have been used jointly with conventional graphical methods, to classify the samples according to plausible levels of groundwater evolution. The computed WQI values range from 67 to 588 and therefore can
more » ... and therefore can be categorized into four categories: "good water" to "water unsuitable for drinking." Overall, 36% of groundwater sites sampled in the study area had good water quality, while 53% were poor. Unfortunately, 6% of the samples indicate "very poor water quality" and 5% represent water "unsuitable for drinking purposes." Results show that the majority of groundwater of Tafna basin fell under good water quality. Groundwater of poor and medium quality characterizes the majority of the studied aquifers of Macta basin. The result showed that the water quality at monitoring station "Ain Skhouna" fell under good water quality (Chott Chergui aquifer). Results also show that groundwater of Coastal Oranais basin showed poor water quality, very poor at some monitoring stations of Mléta Plain aquifer. It has been demonstrated that the water of some aquifers has degraded under water scarcity conditions and will continue to degrade given the ongoing and projected development in the study area. The analysis reveals that the water of some aquifers needs treatment before it is used for human consumption. The influence of salt water on the some freshwater aquifers in the study area needs special attention in terms of monitoring and for sustainable management.
doi:10.1007/s13201-018-0863-y fatcat:bhv7i54yb5frfcsoa5y55rhtoe