Radionuklidna terapija bolesnika sa regionalnim i udaljenim metastazama diferenciranog karcinoma stitaste zlezde

Jasna Mihailovic
2011 Medicinski glasnik Specijalna bolnica za bolesti stitaste zlezde i bolesti metabolizma Zlatibor  
Differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) usually has a good prognosis. Nevertheless, 20% to 30% of patients develop recurrences over several decades; two thirds of which appear within the fi rst decade after initial treatment. Reginal metastases (N1) occur in 15%-40% of papillary, and <20% in follicular thyroid carcinomas. Modifi ed regional neck dissection should be performed in cases of regional lymph metastases. Radioiodine treatment should be repeated by administered radioactivity ranging
more » ... ctivity ranging from 5.55 GBq to 7.4 GBq with 3 to 6 month intervals between doses. There is no maximum limit to the cumulative dose of radioactivity that can be administered to patients with persistent disease, provided that individual doses do not exceed 2 Gy of total body exposure. Distant metastases (M1) occur in 10% of DTC patients. Fifty percent of them are present at the time of diagnosis and predict a poor prognosis. Papillary carcinomas develop metastases via lymph nodes in lungs, while follicular carcinomac usually spread hematogeneously into the bones. If possible, surgery is the main treatment of metastatic disease. Radioiodine therapy should be performed in patients with iodine avid metastases. Palliative therapy, including external beam radiotherapy and chemotherapy, is usually performed in non-iodine avid metastases. The 10-year survival rate of 62% is detected in patients with regional recurrences. Their mortality rate has increased in most series. Distant metastases occur more frequently in patients with regional metastases and predict a poor prognosis. The overall survival rate at 10 years from the detection of metastases ranges from 25% to 40%. In our results, we detected a 5-year disease specifi c survival (DSS) of 67% and 10-year DSS of 55% in patients with iodine-avid lesions, while 15-year and 20-* 1Prof dr Jasna Mihailović, Zavod za nuklearnu medicinu, Institut za onkologiju Vojvodine, Institutski put 4, 21204, Sremska Kamenica, jasnans@eunet.rs
doi:10.5937/medgla1140025m fatcat:7mykn5plvbcgrbh77nw5htuzg4