Paraoxonase-1 and serum concentrations of HDL-cholesterol and apoA-I

Marie-Claude Blatter Garin, Xenia Moren, Richard W. James
2005 Journal of Lipid Research  
Paraoxonase-1 (PON1) and HDL are tightly associated in plasma, and this is generally assumed to reflect the need for the enzyme to associate with a hydrophobic complex. The association has been examined in coronary cases and agematched controls. Highly significant (P , 0.0001), positive associations were observed between PON1 activities and concentrations and HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) concentrations in cases and controls. Corrected slopes were significantly different in
more » ... tly different in cases (cases vs. controls: arylesterase, r 5 0.19 vs. 0.38, P , 0.02 for apoA-I and r 5 0.15 vs. 0.34, P , 0.02 for HDL-cholesterol) such that if PON1 should influence serum HDL, it would be less effective in coronary cases. When examined as a function of the PON1 gene promoter polymorphism CÀ107T, highly significant differences (P , 0.001) in HDL-cholesterol and apoA-I were observed between genotypes for controls, with high expresser alleles having the highest HDL concentrations. This relationship was lost in cases with coronary disease. The coding region polymorphisms Q192R and L55M of the PON1 gene showed no association with HDL. The promoter polymorphism was an independent determinant of HDL concentrations in multivariate analyses. These data are consistent with an impact of PON1 on plasma concentrations of HDL, with detrimental modifications to the relationship in coronary cases.-Blatter Garin, M-C., X. Moren, and R. W. James. Paraoxonase-1 and serum concentrations of HDL-cholesterol and apoA-I. J. Lipid Res. 2006. 47: 515-520. Supplementary key words atherosclerosis . oxidative stress . low density lipoprotein . high density lipoprotein . apolipoprotein A-I METHODS Study population This study was based on a population with confirmed (angiography) coronary artery disease (CAD; n 5 710, 79.5%
doi:10.1194/jlr.m500281-jlr200 pmid:16327022 fatcat:2rxey2vm75fvtno3x7o7nti3ci