URBAN-RURAL DIFFERENCES IN INDICATORS OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND BODY COMPOSITION FOR TEN YEAR OLD CHILDREN

Donata Samaržija¹, Marjeta Mišigoj -Duraković²
unpublished
The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional status and body composition as well as the persistence of differences in certain nutritional status indicators with respect to place of residence (urban-rural differences). On the sample of 402 ten year olds (206 students from urban schools and 196 students from rural schools), 7 morphological measures were measured in order to calculate nutritional status and body composition indicators. The results of Man Whitney U test have shown that
more » ... have shown that students from urban areas have significantly higher sum of skin folds (38,25 vs. 35,85; p<0,03), WHR (0,83 vs. 0,82; p<0,01), S/T ratio (80,66 vs. 0,62; p<0,01) and body fat percentage (22,14 vs. 20,90; p<0,01) while students from rural areas have significantly higher hip circumference (78,00 vs. 75,00;p<0,00). The results indicate the existence of differences in the distribution and % of body fat. Participants from urban areas have more central distribution and higher proportion of body fat in total body mass.
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