Review: Der Brief des Judas, exegetisch-praktisch behandelt [review-book]

M. W. Jacobus
1899 The American Journal of Theology  
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more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THEOLOGY THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF THEOLOGY without hypotheses we shall gain nothing at all." He finds as the underlying thought of the epistle that which, in an earlier work to which he regards. this as supplemental, he has shown to be the central thought of St. Paul's writings-the real indwelling of Christ in the Christian, producing ethical perfection and faith in the Messiah, as well as ecstatic manifestations, and assuring to the Christian eternal life. He holds that the date of this epistle (as well as of the fourth gospel) is not far from that of Paul's principal epistles; and, consequently, that the false teachers who "deny that Jesus is the Christ" are not Cerinthians of the close of the century, but unbelieving Jews who deny the Messiahship of Jesus. He finds throughout references to a previous letter which had been misunderstood, not only in 2: 3, 14, but also in 2:21, 26, and other places. The Jewish opponents are inspired by demons; but the Christians by the divine Spirit, with his host of spirits (Geisterheer, 4: 2). The Holy Spirit is distinct from Christ, and is the means through which Christ works, not indeed moral results, but "ecstatic "visions, knowledge, faith, assurance. Yet the prpof of the divine indwelling is brotherly love, which is the keeping of the commandments, or ethical righteousness. Pfarrer Karl's exposition is thoroughly independent, and therefore, perhaps, necessarily off from the beaten track, and sometimes strained; but it is honest, reverent, and suggestive.
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