Loss of cell cycle control renders cells nonresponsive to local extrinsic differentiation cues [article]

Kara Cerveny, Ingrid Tower, Dayna Lamb, Avery Van Duzer, Hannah Bronstein, Olivia Hagen, Mate Varga
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Objective and approaches: Aberrantly proliferating cells are linked to a number of diseases including cancers and developmental defects.To determine the extent to which local extrinsic signals contribute to or ameliorate mutant cell behaviors, we examined survival and differentiation of mutant cells in wild-type retinal environments by generating chimeric zebrafish embryos comprised of unlabeled host cells and GFP-labeled neural progenitor donor cells. In addition, we examined the fate of
more » ... l progenitor cells when cdkn1c, a cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor, was induced in clones within wild-type and hdac1 mutant retinae. Results: We found that seven of the ten mutants examined exhibited apoptosis when grafted into wild-type tissue, with cells from two slowly cycling mutants, elys and emi1, noticeably differentiating in a wild-type environment. Observations of the one hyperproliferative mutant, hdac1, revealed that these mutant cells did not appear to die or differentiate but instead survived and formed tumor-like rosettes in a wild-type environment. Ectopic expression of cdkn1c was unable to force cell cycle exit and differentiation of the majority of hdac1 mutant cells. Conclusions: Together, these results suggest that although a wild-type environment rarely encourages cell cycle exit and differentiation of neural progenitors with cell cycle defects, wild-type survival signals may enable hyperproliferative progenitor cells to persist instead of die.
doi:10.1101/720276 fatcat:j574xelbnjfnpjxnpsvzvi6dzi