Influence of canopy fruit location on morphological, histochemical and biochemical changes in two oil olive cultivars

S. Bartolini, A. Leccese, L. Andreini
2014 Plant Biosystems  
The influence of different irradiance conditions was evaluated under natural solar radiation by comparing well-exposed (in) and shaded fruit (out) in canopies of olive trees (Olea europaea L). Over a 2-year period, from 50 days after full bloom up to harvest time, "in" and "out" olive samples of two genotypes ("Frantoio Millennio" and "Coratina 5/19") were periodically collected. Morphological, histochemical, and biochemical analysis were performed to study the changes on fruit morphometric
more » ... it morphometric traits, oil body accumulation, and b-glucosidase enzyme activity. Some parameters were modified by shading inside the canopy in which the proportion of incident photosynthetically active radiation intercepted by the crop was 47%. Shaded fruits developed at slow rate and were characterized by late darkgoing time, reduced size, with a tendency toward oblong shape. The rapid histochemical procedure proposed to estimate the oil body accumulation during fruit ripening showed that a reduced irradiance caused a decrease in oil body density. The canopy position influenced, in a different way, the b-glucosidase activity in relation to the fruit-ripening stage in both genotypes. These findings indicate that providing an adequate and uniform lighting of the olive canopy by careful choices of orchard management practices can be a key factor for several yield components.
doi:10.1080/11263504.2014.980360 fatcat:hab4hfpdifajzdjxr4o6d2bk4q