Model Development for Damped and Forced Type of Oscillations in Time Series

W.G.S Konarasinghe, K.M.U.B. Konarasinghe
2021 Zenodo  
The periodic motion defines as the motion which repeats after a regular interval of time. The periodic motion in which there is the existence of a restoring force and the body moves along the same path to and fro about a definite point called equilibrium position/mean position is called oscillatory motion. The oscillatory motion could be either linear oscillation or circular oscillation. For example, the oscillation of strings of musical instruments is linear oscillation whilst the oscillation
more » ... f the simple pendulum of a clock is circular oscillation. A wave is a correlated collection of oscillations. For example, in a wave traveling along a string, each point in the string oscillates back and forth in the transverse direction (perpendicular to the direction of the string); in sound waves, each air molecule oscillates back and forth in the longitudinal direction (the direction in which the sound is traveling). Therefore understanding oscillatory motions is the basis of understanding waves. Oscillatory motions and wave-like patterns are common in time series data as well. For example, the number of infected cases of a disease in epidemiology; species migration in ecology, human blood sugar or blood pressure levels in biology; the harvest of crops in agriculture; behavior of consumer price index in economics; share returns in finance; the number of arrivals to a cultural landscape in tourism management, etc. follow regular or irregular wave-like patterns. The Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA), Seasonal Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving Average (SARIMA), Circular Model (CM), and Sama Circular Model (SCM) were successful in modeling such series. The literature revealed that the daily infected cases of Covid 19 show irregular wave-like patterns with; increasing amplitudes, decreasing amplitudes, or both, but none of the existing time series forecasting techniques are capable of capturing them. The pattern of these series is somewhat similar to the pattern of Damped oscillation and Forced oscillation de [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5704703 fatcat:eo3wpgbwvzaoflvor7otbazlmm