AI-Assisted Vision for Agricultural Robots

Spyros Fountas, Ioannis Malounas, Loukas Athanasakos, Ioannis Avgoustakis, Borja Espejo-Garcia
2022 AgriEngineering  
Robotics has been increasingly relevant over the years. The ever-increasing demand for productivity, the reduction of tedious labor, and safety for the operator and the environment have brought robotics to the forefront of technological innovation. The same principle applies to agricultural robots, where such solutions can aid in making farming easier for the farmers, safer, and with greater margins for profit, while at the same time offering higher quality products with minimal environmental
more » ... pact. This paper focuses on reviewing the existing state of the art for vision-based perception in agricultural robots across a variety of field operations; specifically: weed detection, crop scouting, phenotyping, disease detection, vision-based navigation, harvesting, and spraying. The review revealed a large interest in the uptake of vision-based solutions in agricultural robotics, with RGB cameras being the most popular sensor of choice. It also outlined that AI can achieve promising results and that there is not a single algorithm that outperforms all others; instead, different artificial intelligence techniques offer their unique advantages to address specific agronomic problems.
doi:10.3390/agriengineering4030043 fatcat:tpvtfws225fszcojpoiynj5p7m