Association between the number of bilateral free-end posterior tooth loss and mastication performance in RSGM USU patients

Susanna Kristina Yanti SILALAHI, Ismet Danial NASUTION
2023 JDS (Journal of Syiah Kuala Dentistry Society)  
Mastication is the process of mechanically crushing food to form soft particles, facilitating theingestion process in providing nutrients to the body. One of the objectively assessed mastication functions ismastication performance. The number of tooth losses is one factor that affects mastication performance; the moretooth loss, the lower the mastication performance. Posterior teeth play an important role in mastication function,and loss of posterior teeth decreases mastication performance. The
more » ... research aims to determine the associationbetween the number of bilateral free-end posterior tooth loss and mastication performance. This type of research isdescriptive-analytic with a cross-sectional design. The subjects in this research were 17 people. Data were collectedby examining the oral cavity and color-changeable chewing gum to assess mastication performance using acolorimeter. Data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test. The results showed that all subjects with bilateralfree-end posterior teeth loss in one and both arches had poor mastication performance. The statistical test resultsshowed no association between the number of bilateral free-end posterior teeth loss and mastication performance inone and both arches with p = 1,000 (p 0.05). It can occur because this research does not pay attention to the numberof occlusion pairs of posterior teeth and the results of the assessment of mastication performance are notquantitative. The number of bilateral free-end posterior tooth loss can be considered in assessing masticationperformance as an educational basis for denture care. KEYWORDS: Posterior Bilateral Free End, Mastication Performance
doi:10.24815/jds.v7i2.30236 fatcat:kpfiyvlg4bc27fmmjvmmvebfgm