The virtual enhancements − solar proton event radiation (VESPER) model

Sigiava Aminalragia-Giamini, Ingmar Sandberg, Constantinos Papadimitriou, Ioannis A. Daglis, Piers Jiggens
2018 Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate  
A new probabilistic model introducing a novel paradigm for the modelling of the solar proton environment at 1 AU is presented. The virtual enhancements À solar proton event radiation model (VESPER) uses the European space agency's solar energetic particle environment modelling (SEPEM) Reference Dataset and produces virtual time-series of proton differential fluxes. In this regard it fundamentally diverges from the approach of existing SPE models that are based on probabilistic descriptions of
more » ... E macroscopic characteristics such as peak flux and cumulative fluence. It is shown that VESPER reproduces well the dataset characteristics it uses, and further comparisons with existing models are made with respect to their results. The production of time-series as the main output of the model opens a straightforward way for the calculation of solar proton radiation effects in terms of time-series and the pairing with effects caused by trapped radiation and galactic cosmic rays.
doi:10.1051/swsc/2017040 fatcat:o52il2sovndyxgscqc7dqn3zha