Antimicrobial Activity of Poly(ester urea) Electrospun Fibers Loaded with Bacteriophages

Angélica Díaz, Luis del Valle, Noel Rodrigo, María Casas, George Chumburidze, Ramaz Katsarava, Jordi Puiggalí
2018 Fibers  
The capacity to load bacteriophages into electrospun nanofibers of two representative biocompatible polymers has been evaluated, paying special attention to the possibility of preserving their antibacterial activity. Specifically, the work involves the following steps: (a) Evaluation of the effect of the applied electrical field on the phage activity; (b) evaluation of the activity when a lyophilization process could be avoided by using water soluble polymers (e.g., poly(ethylene glycol); (c)
more » ... aluation of the activity when dissolution of the polymer requires an organic solvent and lyophilization is theoretically necessary. In this case, a poly(ester urea) (PEU) derived from the natural L-leucine amino acid has been considered. Adsorption of commercial bacteriophage preparations into calcium carbonate particles was demonstrated to be a promising methodology to avoid lyophilization and keep the initial bactericide activity at a maximum. Phagestaph and Fersis bacteriophage commercial preparations have been selected for this study due to their specific activity against Staphylococci (e.g., S. aureus) and Streptococci (e.g., S. pyogenes) bacteria. Adhesion and proliferation assays using epithelial cells demonstrated the biocompatibility of both unloaded and bacteriophage-loaded PEU scaffolds, although some slight differences were observed depending on the type of bacteriophage and the selected preparation methodology.
doi:10.3390/fib6020033 fatcat:v5rx2g3cbfcutkjflypdaxlbgy