Mr Prasant, Kumar Behera
2015 International Research Journal of Human Resources and Social Sciences   unpublished
The present paper focused on the status of universalisation of elementary education under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in Jeypore Block of Koraput district, Odisha. The specific objectives of the study are to assess the progress made for achieving the overall goals of SSA and to investigate its effectiveness and problems in Jeypore Block. Keeping in view the above objectives, both primary and secondary data have been collected. The primary data pertaining to various activities taken under the SSA
more » ... ave been collected from the stakeholders like head masters and teachers from 35 primary schools through a specific questionnaire and simple random sampling method was adopted to select schools. In addition, classroom observation had been undertaken to ascertain the actual status of classroom teaching process and infrastructure facilities. Besides, for the detail analysis, secondary data have been collected from the sources of Odisha Primary Education Programme Authority (OPEPA) website, District Project Coordinator (DPC) office, Koraput and Block Resource Center Coordinator (BRCC) office, Jeypore. The various issues of SSA such as dropouts of the students, gender ratio, enrolment rate, quality of education, infrastructure facilities etc. have been analysed through simple statistical tables. The findings showed that after the implementation of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, students' enrolment in the schools have increased and the dropout rate has declined but the schools are running with acute infrastructure problem and the student-teacher ratio is too low. Due to various reasons and constraints the SSA programme is not being effective enough in achieving its goal. There is an urgent need to draw serious attention from the government in solving the problems especially infrastructure, recruitment of trained teachers and optimum utilization of the grants for the smooth and successful running of the SSA programme in the Jeypore Block for achieving the target of universal elementary education in the study area.