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The first part of this two-part paper proposes tri-level transmission expansion planning (TTEP) under physical intentional attacks. In the first level, the network planner looks for an optimal transmission expansion plan to fortify the power network. In the second level, the attacker tries to maximise damages to the network. In the third level, the adverse effects of the attacks on the network operation are minimised by the network operator. Since the third level problem is a linear programmingdoi:10.1049/iet-gtd.2018.6104 fatcat:ahopeq3qqzc2vdiq3gtclawpfe