Transcribing the Venda tshikona reedpipe dance

Andrew Tracey, Laina Gumboreshumba
2013 African Music Journal of the International Library of African Music  
Figure 1. Mr. T.V. Netshivhale rehearsing the Sundani Primary School Tshikona Group, Limpopo Province. Photo by Laina Gumboreshumba. Figure 2. Luimbo lwa tshikona: the tshikona song. Th e encircled form number 12 indicates the tshikona song has a 12 pulse cycle. Th is is a transcription of the seven nanga reedpipe parts and of the timekeeper thungwa, one of the three drums played in performance of tshikona. Th ungwa beats are shown by the heavier pulse lines. Th e average tempo of thungwa is
more » ... po of thungwa is 90MM. Th e large numbers and white notes show the starting pipe scale. Th e small numbers and black notes show the secondary pipe scale which is played on the same pipes and sounds simultaneously with the fi rst. I have chosen to write Pipe 1 as a top line F in this 'Tshikona' clef, using the note names of treble clef.
doi:10.21504/amj.v9i3.1909 fatcat:6z4breclejcrplg63fpzsecpmu