Application of non-negative matrix factorization in oncology: one approach for establishing precision medicine

Ryuji Hamamoto, Ken Takasawa, Hidenori Machino, Kazuma Kobayashi, Satoshi Takahashi, Amina Bolatkan, Norio Shinkai, Akira Sakai, Rina Aoyama, Masayoshi Yamada, Ken Asada, Masaaki Komatsu (+3 others)
2022 Briefings in Bioinformatics  
The increase in the expectations of artificial intelligence (AI) technology has led to machine learning technology being actively used in the medical field. Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) is a machine learning technique used for image analysis, speech recognition, and language processing; recently, it is being applied to medical research. Precision medicine, wherein important information is extracted from large-scale medical data to provide optimal medical care for every individual, is
more » ... considered important in medical policies globally, and the application of machine learning techniques to this end is being handled in several ways. NMF is also introduced differently because of the characteristics of its algorithms. In this review, the importance of NMF in the field of medicine, with a focus on the field of oncology, is described by explaining the mathematical science of NMF and the characteristics of the algorithm, providing examples of how NMF can be used to establish precision medicine, and presenting the challenges of NMF. Finally, the direction regarding the effective use of NMF in the field of oncology is also discussed.
doi:10.1093/bib/bbac246 pmid:35788277 pmcid:PMC9294421 fatcat:l5jpplwrnbbohmfk74vex6h5bm