Singing Voice Separation and Vocal F0 Estimation Based on Mutual Combination of Robust Principal Component Analysis and Subharmonic Summation
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio Speech and Language Processing
This paper presents a new method of singing voice analysis that performs mutually-dependent singing voice separation and vocal fundamental frequency (F0) estimation. Vocal F0 estimation is considered to become easier if singing voices can be separated from a music audio signal, and vocal F0 contours are useful for singing voice separation. This calls for an approach that improves the performance of each of these tasks by using the results of the other. The proposed method first performs robust
... st performs robust principal component analysis (RPCA) for roughly extracting singing voices from a target music audio signal. The F0 contour of the main melody is then estimated from the separated singing voices by finding the optimal temporal path over an F0 saliency spectrogram. Finally, the singing voices are separated again more accurately by combining a conventional time-frequency mask given by RPCA with another mask that passes only the harmonic structures of the estimated F0s. Experimental results showed that the proposed method significantly improved the performances of both singing voice separation and vocal F0 estimation. The proposed method also outperformed all the other methods of singing voice separation submitted to an international music analysis competition called MIREX 2014.