Interactions of infectious F-specific RNA bacteriophages with suspended matter and sediment: Towards an understanding of FRNAPH distribution in a river water system

Blandine Fauvel, Leslie Ogorzaly, Henry-Michel Cauchie, Christophe Gantzer
2017 Science of the Total Environment  
The association of viruses with settling particles is certainly a major process controlling the spread of viral pollution in surface water and sediment. To better understand the viral distribution in a river system, the behavior of Fspecific RNA bacteriophages (FRNAPHs) was investigated in relationship with the suspended solids and sediment. The partitioning of phage particles (free or associated with solids) in surface water and the attachment capabilities of eight distinct strains of phages
more » ... strains of phages to sediment were studied in lab experiments. In situ observations were also performed with the genotyping of 166 individual plaques of FRNAPHs isolated from surface water and sediment. The results reported here demonstrate a variation of the status of infectious phages as a function of the hydro-climatological conditions. Phage-solid association seems to mainly occur during the peak of rainfallrunoff events but also to a certain extent during the recession phase compared to low flow conditions. The transfer of phages from the water column to sediment may occur at this time. Furthermore, the ability of FRNAPHs to interact with sediment was established for six strains out of eight, belonging to genogroups II, III and IV. A similar dynamic was observed for strains within a same genogroup despite different intensity of attachment and inactivation rates for strains of genogroups III and IV. The latter results match the in situ observations in the water and Keywords: F-specific RNA bacteriophages Phage partitioning Attachment to sediment River system Science of the Total Environment 574 (2017) 960-968 j o u r n a l h o m e p a g e : w w w . e l s e v i e r . c o m / l o c a t e / s c i t o t e n v sediment compartments of the studied area. Infectious FRNAPH genogroup II was more abundant in sediment than in surface water. Its capability to sorb to sediment and its higher persistence in the environment compared to genogroups III and IV were the two main explanations. Together, lab and in situ experiments produce an overall vision of the mechanisms governing FRNAPH distribution among the water column and riverbed sediment.
doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.115 pmid:27668848 fatcat:cpk4lo5nl5ey3gyhzlghiykslq