Monitoring of The Impacts of the Natural Disaster Based on The Use of Space Technology

Sefer Kurnaz, Rustam B. Rustamov, Maral Zeynalova, Saida E. Salahova
2009 International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences  
The forecasting, mitigation and preparedness of the natural disaster impacts require relevant information regarding the disaster desirable in real time. In the meantime it is requiring the rapid and continuous data and information generation or gathering for possible prediction and monitoring of the natural disaster. Since disasters that cause huge social and economic disruptions normally affect large areas or territories and are linked to global change. The use of traditional and conventional
more » ... ethods for management of the natural disaster impact can not be effectively implemented for intial data collection with the further processing. The space technology or remote sensing tools offer excellent possibilities of collecting vital data. The main reason is capability of this technology of collecting data at global and regional scales rapidly and repetitively. This is unchallenged advantage of the space methods and technology. The satellite or remote sensing techniques can be used to monitor the current situation, the situation before based on the data in sight, as well as after disaster occurred. They can be used to provide baseline data against which future changes can be compared while the GIS techniques provide a suitable framework for integrating and analyzing the many types of data sources required for disaster monitoring. Developed GIS is an excellent instrument for definition of the social impact status of the natural disaster which can be undertaken in the future database developments. This methodology is a good source for analysis and dynamic change studies of the natural disaster impacts.
doi:10.5139/ijass.2009.10.1.098 fatcat:x2dyu6i3hzhdrcgjo4ltihpxsm