Effects of Neck and Trunk Stabilization Exercise on Balance in Older Adults

Gui-bin Song, Eun-Cho Park
2016 The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy  
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of neck and trunk stabilization exercise on static and dynamic balance in older adults. Methods: A total of 30 older adults participated in this study. Participants were randomly assigned to the neck and trunk stabilization exercise group (NTSG) (n= 15) or the trunk stabilization exercise group (TSG) (n= 15). The NTSG performed a trunk stabilization exercise added to a neck stabilization exercise that included biofeedback. Both groups
more » ... ack. Both groups received training for 30 minutes per day three times per week for eight weeks. The anterior, posterior limit of stability and sway length was used to measure static balance ability, while the timed up and go (TUG) test was used to measure dynamic balance ability. Results: Participants showed significant differences in sway length, anterior limit of stability, posterior limit of stability, and the results of the TUG test between their pre-and post mediation evaluations (p< 0.05). The NTSG showed a more significant increase than the TSG (p< 0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, both exercises effectively improved static and dynamic balance ability. However, the neck and trunk stabilization exercise is more efficient for increasing the balance ability of older adults. Static balance is the ability to maintain center of gravity and the same posture so that the body does not move. Dynamic balance is the ability to maintain a desired posture by maintaining center of This is an Open Access article distribute under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (Http:// creativecommons.org/license/by-nc/4.0.) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Korean Physical Therapy cant effects of period and significant interaction of group and period. In results of independent t-test, significant differences were found between the two groups (p < 0.05) ( Table 2) .
doi:10.18857/jkpt.2016.28.4.221 fatcat:3mhym5qxajbgfayi3qpng6o5cy