Comparison of IHC, FISH, ER and PR in Breast Cancer in Western Iran
American Journal of Cancer Prevention
To evaluate the concordance and discordance between IHC and FISH results for detection of Her2/neu protein, analyses of ER and PR, and also evaluation of the benefit of adjuvant trastuzumab in patients diagnosed with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -positive invasive ductal carcinoma enrolled onto the Herceptin adjuvant. IHC analysis of ER, PR and HER2 was performed in 133 patients of breast cancer with invasive ductal carcinoma. 90(67.6%) cases were confirmed by FISH.
... l analysis was performed with IBM SPSS version 19, Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Age mean of patients was 46.39±10.81 years (range, 24-78 years). Concordance rates between IHC and FISH were 32.4% for IHC 2+ and 81.25% for IHC 3+ (P<0.001). There were 17 and 56 patients of IHC 2+ and 3+ with ER positive and also 23 and 59 patients of IHC 2+ and 3+ had PR positive.The 83 patients had age ≤50 years and 50 patients had >50 years. Of 133 the patients, 48(36.1%) patients were treated with trastuzumab and 85(63.9%) were treated without trastuzumab. The overall survival(OS) for patients treating with trastuzumab were mean of 37.8 months and the OS for patients treating without trastuzumab were mean of 20.8 months (P<0.05). The results are that trastuzumab therapy is effective and improves the survival of HER2-positive breast cancer patients and trastuzumab therapy is effective and tolerated for breast cancer with Her-2 positive. There is a statistically significant relationship between ER positive with PR positive and ER negative with PR negative that these results need to more studies with more patients in the world.