Genetic and Epigenetic Analysis of the Putative Tumor Suppressor km23 in Primary Ovarian, Breast, and Colorectal Cancers

I. G. Campbell
2006 Clinical Cancer Research  
Purpose: A very high frequency of somatic mutations in the transforming growth factor-h signaling component km23 has been reported in a small series of ovarian cancers (8 of 19, 42%). Functional studies showed that some mutations disrupt km23 function, resulting in aberrant transforming growth factor-h signaling and presumably enhanced tumorigenicity. If verified, this would elevate mutation of km23 as the single most frequent somatic event in ovarian cancer. Experimental Design: We sought to
more » ... rify the frequency of silencing of km23 among 104 primary ovarian cancers (49 serous, 18 mucinous, 29 endometrioid/clear cell, and 8 undifferentiated) as well as 72 breast and 61colorectal cancers by undertaking both somatic mutation and promoter methylation analyses. All four exons of km23 were individually amplified from genomic DNA with primers complementary to surrounding intronic sequences and analyzed by singlestranded conformational polymorphism analysis. Results: Two germ line polymorphisms were identified, but none of the 237 tumors analyzed harbored somatic km23 mutations. In addition, promoter methylation analysis showed that in all cases, the 5 ¶ CpG island was unmethylated. Conclusions: Our data suggest that silencing of km23, either through somatic genetic mutation or promoter hypermethylation, is rare in ovarian, breast, and colorectal cancers. Our understanding of the key genetic aberrations that underlie
doi:10.1158/1078-0432.ccr-06-0800 pmid:16778097 fatcat:m6goawvvnbakpmps3idoqrr5au