Comments on cosmological singularities in string theory

Micha Berkooz, Ben Craps, David Kutasov, Govindan Rajesh
2003 Journal of High Energy Physics  
We compute string scattering amplitudes in an orbifold of Minkowski space by a boost, and show how certain divergences in the four point function are associated with graviton exchange near the singularity. These divergences reflect large tree-level backreaction of the gravitational field. Near the singularity, all excitations behave like massless fields on a 1+1 dimensional cylinder. For excitations that are chiral near the singularity, we show that divergences are avoided and that the
more » ... d that the backreaction is milder. We discuss the implications of this for some cosmological spacetimes. Finally, in order to gain some intuition about what happens when backreaction is taken into account, we study an open string rolling tachyon background as a toy model that shares some features with R^{1,1}/Z.
doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2003/03/031 fatcat:d2tzlnjp3janjn7zkewv7qaz4i