Plasma treatment of poly(dimethylsiloxane) surfaces using a compact atmospheric pressure dielectric barrier discharge device for adhesion improvement
Japanese Journal of Applied Physics
In this work we present some results of the treatment of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surfaces using pulsed dielectric barrier discharge plasmas. The results of plasma treatment using different gases and mixtures, argon, argon plus water vapor, helium, helium plus water vapor, nitrogen and nitrogen plus water vapor, were compared testing the adhesion between two PDMS samples for each kind of plasma. We also studied the water contact angle in function of plasma process time of PDMS surfaces with
... ach kind of plasma treatment. The plasma was characterized by optical emission spectroscopy (OES) to identify the emitting species and determine the plasma temperatures. The plasma temperature for each process was estimated comparing the spectrum obtained by OES with the spectrum generated by SpecAir simulation code. Measurements of power delivered to the plasmas were also performed. As the results, all the process using different gases show good adhesion efficacy between PDMS samples when long exposure time (larger than 150 seconds) is applied. However, when only a few discharges are applied to PDMS samples the helium plasma process presented best results. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) analysis of PDMS samples treated with helium plasma showed reduction in the surface roughness, which increase the surface contact area and improves the adhesion.