Chemotherapy and Related Female Sexual Dysfunction: A Review of Literature

Fatemeh Sodeifian, Aida Mokhlesi, Farzad Allameh
2022 International Journal of Cancer Management  
Context: Cancer is a detrimental illness that affects patients' quality of life and other aspects of a healthy life. Chemotherapy has been shown to have a direct and indirect effect on the sex organs of women. Evidence Acquisition: We searched in databases including PubMed, Scopus, and Google scholar. The keywords for our search were as follows: "Chemotherapy" OR "Cancer treatment" AND "Sexual dysfunction "OR "Sexuality" OR "libido" OR "dyspareunia" OR "orgasmic disorder" OR "sexual disorder".
more » ... e evaluated the articles based on their abstract and 92 studies were selected and used in the present study. Results: Chemotherapeutic agents damage ovaries and could cause premature ovarian failure. Furthermore, chemotherapy disturbs the femininity aspects of patients and reduces their libido. In this review article, we aimed at a better understanding the effect of chemotherapy on the sexual function of female cancer survivals. Conclusions: In conclusion, chemotherapy is one of the most common cancer treatments affecting sexual health aspects, such as decreased libido, arousal and orgasm, dyspareunia, dysfunction of the sexual response cycle before puberty, and vulvovaginal atrophy. However, many patients are reluctant to discuss their sexual problems.
doi:10.5812/ijcm-120549 fatcat:6bf6jpqds5d7ndif3qpr2x5m3a