Low prevalence of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in dairy cattle from China's central region

Hui Dong, Yao Yao Lu, Rui Jing Su, Ying Hua Wang, Meng Yao Wang, Yi Bao Jiang, Yu Rong Yang
2018 BMC Veterinary Research  
Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan that can infect humans and other animals, including cattle. Cattle are one of the world's main sources of meat, and people who consume raw or undercooked meat and milk of cattle infected with T. gondii can become infected. In this study, a total of 5292 dairy cattle serum samples, collected from 17 cities (Henan Province, China) from January 2015 to September 2017, were screened for antibodies against T. gondii. Results: Antibodies to T. gondii
more » ... e found in 1.93% (102/5292) (95% CI, 1.56-2.30) of dairy cattle using a modified agglutination test (cut-off 1:100). The results showed that geographic location and season may be risk factors for T. gondii infection of cattle (P < 0.05), and the seroprevalence of T. gondii in cattle along the Yellow River is higher than other areas. Conclusions: This is the first large-scale investigation on the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in cattle from Central China. This survey shows that the T. gondii infection rate of dairy cattle is low; however, these findings provide additional information on the epidemiology of Chinese T. gondii. The possibility of dairy cattle exposure to T. gondii in Central China can not be ignored, and the consumption of raw or undercooked beef or milk may pose a risk to human health.
doi:10.1186/s12917-018-1629-3 fatcat:letvnzux2bc5hjo5qlmjfqucwa