COVID-19 in adult acute myeloid leukemia patients: a long-term followup study from the European Hematology Association survey (EPICOVIDEHA)

Francesco Marchesi, Jon Salmanton-García, Ziad Emarah, Klára Piukovics, Marcio Nucci, Alberto López-García, Zdeněk Ráčil, Francesca Farina, Marina Popova, Sofia Zompi, Ernesta Audisio, Marie-Pierre Ledoux (+80 others)
2022 Haematologica  
Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are at high risk of mortality from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The optimal management of AML patients with COVID-19 has not been established. Our multicenter study included 388 adult AML patients with COVID-19 diagnosis between February 2020 and October 2021. The vast majority were receiving or had received AML treatment in the prior 3 months. COVID-19 was severe in 41.2% and critical in 21.1% of cases. The chemotherapeutic schedule was
more » ... d in 174 patients (44.8%), delayed in 68 and permanently discontinued in 106. After a median follow-up of 325 days, 180 patients (46.4%) had died; death was attributed to COVID-19 (43.3%), AML (26.1%) or to a combination of both (26.7%), whereas in 3.9% of cases the reason was unknown. Active disease, older age, and treatment discontinuation were associated with death, whereas AML treatment delay was protective. Seventy-nine patients had a simultaneous AML and COVID-19 diagnosis, with an improved survival when AML treatment could be delayed (80%; p
doi:10.3324/haematol.2022.280847 pmid:35545919 pmcid:PMC9827164 fatcat:uvw3wfw37fgvvkbcvbeftbbjyy