1888 Science  
SCIENCE. the following sentences : " My doll nancy is sleeping. She is sick. mildred is well uncle frank has gone hunting deer. we will have venison for breakfast ~v h e n he comes home. I did ride in wheelbarrow and teacher did push it," ant1 so on. Enough has been said to indicate the remarkable powers of this unfortunate child, and to give basis for the bel~ef, that if her training is continued in a wise direction, antl with a proper appreciation of the value of detailed and accurate
more » ... ation, the world will be able to read in the life of Helen Keller a illost momentous psychological lesson. Tibet a n d Nepaul. A sUPPLE1\IEsrr to the ' Indian Survey Report for 188 5-86, has just been issued. It contains the description of a native surveyor, M-H, through eastern Xepaul and southern Tibet, of which the London Tzines gives the following extract : -" T h e explorer crossed the Kepaul boundary near Dagmarathana, in Bhagalpur, and, after making customary presents, obtained a passport authorizing his further progress, which lay northward over the Mahabharat range, one of the spurs of the great Ilimalayan Mountains. At various points along the route his passport was examined, his goods searched, and a tax exacted from him, and in some cases he had, in addition, to propitiate the local authorities with presents. On July zq, 188j, the explorer passed a great temple, called Ilalsia Mahadeo, situated on a mountain-spur, and deputed his travelling-companion to visit and examine the temple, which is held in veneration in the neighborhood, and has been endowed with a large free grant of land. A t Asalialchark, a fort held by four hundred Nepaulese soldiers under a captain, whose duty it is to examine all passes brought by travellers from the south, and, after full inquiry, to grant fresh ones to those proceeding farther north, the explorer was subjected to much interrogation, a s his pass was only available for Nepaul. As it was known that he intended penetratingnorthwardsinto Tibet, he wasclosely searched, interrogated, and directed to return by the way he came, the soldiers being ordered to keep him under surveillance for such time a s he remained there. After being detained for six clays, the explorer was able, by making suitable presents, to obtain permission to proceed, having persuaded the official that he and his party were inhabitants of Jumla, and that they were anxious to return thither by Dingri, Jonlihajong, and Icagbeni, as being the no st expeditious route. Their further march lay pretty close to the Dudhkosi River, and a t Jubang Tibetan inhabitants were met for the first time. Khumbujong, a little west of Mount Everest, is the residence of the governor of the Ichumbu district. The ofiicial is a Tibetan, and has held the post for the last thirty years : he receives no pay from the Nepaul Government, but is allowed fifteen per cent of the net revenue of the district, aild pays an annual official visit to Khatmandu. For a time the governor absolutely refused tile party perruission to proceed northwards by a route which he alleged had never till then been traversed 1)y any Hindostanee or Goorkha. The explorer had therefore to make a lengthened stay at this place, during which he endeavored to ingratiate himself with the inhabitants by treating their sick. One of the commonest diseases in the locality was goitre, and, a s he succeeded in curing the governor's daughter-in-law of this, he was naturally taken into favor, and secured the sympathies of her husband, Sunnam Durje. This lastnamed indivitlual was about starting on a trading expedition to the north, and by the exercise of sufficient tact was prevailed upon to take the explorer's party in his train. 'The man eventually gained his father's tacit consent to the arrangement, and, after a six-weeks' enforced inactivity, the explorer again started on his way. On Sept. 23, near Pangji, the famous deity Takdeo ('horse-god '), a black rock, in shape like a huge horse, was passed. Out of cleference to Takdeo, which is considered very sacred by the Tibetans, no ponies are allowed on the routeover the pass. T h e Pangula Pass over the Himalayas, he says, is decidedly the highest and most formidable ever crossed by him : he estimates the height a t over twenty thousand feet, but, owing to an unfortunate accident to his boilingpoint thermometer, he was unable to estimate it more accurately. T h e ridge forms the boundary between Tibet and Nepaul. A t Iceprak, the first frontier village, the Tibetan official refused the
doi:10.1126/science.ns-11.264.91 pmid:17754710 fatcat:4b46rdx7e5bglgbaxxlpcol5he