The Value of Patient-Provider Interactions in Orthopedic Settings: An Evidence-to-Practice Review
Clinical Practice in Athletic Training
Clinical outcomes are influenced by specific physical therapy interventions and several nonspecific factors associated with the healthcare professional, patient, and setting. The relationship built between patients and providers is based on treatment outcomes is referred to as the patient-provider interaction, which is a nonspecific factor. The purpose of this review was to investigate patients' and clinicians' perceptions of factors that influence patient-provider interactions. Eleven
... ns. Eleven different databases were accessed as potential research sources. Thirteen qualitative studies were selected that examined the perceptions of non-specific factors which impact the patient-clinician relationship as well as the perceptions that healthcare providers and patients in musculoskeletal settings. Out of these 13 articles, four common themes were found to influence the patient-provider interaction across all the literature selected for this review: clinician interpersonal and communication skills, clinician practical skills, individualized patient-centered care, organizational and environmental factors. Articles for this study were only considered for review if they were published in English. This was stated as a limitation of the study, as well as the fact that this review only identified factors that are perceived to be related to patient-provider interactions. The review highlighted that patients and clinicians believe communication, interpersonal and practical skills, individualized care, and appropriate time and flexibility for patient care influence patient-provider interaction in musculoskeletal settings. These factors can serve as facilitators as well as barriers, depending on the level of intensity that they are implemented in the overall patientprovider interaction. Athletic trainers, as healthcare professionals, need to be responsible for implementing patient-centered care concepts to encourage a healthy patient-provider interaction.