International Trade and Labor Market Discrimination

Richard Chisik, Julian Emami Namini
2016 Social Science Research Network  
We embed a competitive search model with labor market discrimination into a two-sector, two-country framework in order to analyze how labor market discrimination impacts the pattern of international trade and also how trade affects discrimination. Discrimination reduces the matching probability and output in the skilled-labor intensive differentiated-product sector so that the country with more discriminatory firms has a comparative advantage in the simple sector. As countries alter their
more » ... s alter their production mix in accordance with their comparative advantage, trade liberalization can then reinforce the negative effect of discrimination on development in the more discriminatory country and reduce its effect in the country with fewer discriminatory firms. Similarly, as a result of globalization, the profit difference between non-discriminatory and discriminatory firms increases in the less discriminatory country and diminishes in the more discriminatory one. In this way trade can further reduce discrimination in a country where it is less prevalent and increase it where it is more firmly entrenched. JELClassification: F16, F66, J71
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2815478 fatcat:tj4epk3tdbhcrabgawzqokiara